The Biblical Joseph is identified in hieroglyphs depicting a cow linked to Pharaoh’s dream.
Coins Discovered In Boxes
The Egyptian coins carrying the name of Joseph, who went from being a slave to providing salvation for his family in the Middle East, were found in a cache of antique items that were shelved in boxes at the Museum of Egypt.
According to the Middle East Media Research Institute, the coins not only carried Joseph’s name but his image as well. The coins were discovered by researchers as they sifted through thousands of small archeological artifacts. Approximately 500 coins were uncovered.
Discovery Discounts Claims
The original report, appearing in Egypt’s Al Ahram newspaper in Cairo, calls the find unprecedented and counters claims by historians who believe coins were not used for trade in Egypt at the time Joseph was there. Historians argue that trade was done by barter.
Researchers told the newspaper that the mining dates of the coins have been matched to the period when Joseph was recorded to be in Egypt. The coins show the year they were minted along with their value, and effigies of the pharaohs ruling at the time. Some of these coins are reportedly from the time when Joseph was in Egypt, bearing his name and portrait.
Coins Originally Thought To Be Charms
The research team, led by Dr. Sa’id Muhammad Thabet, has reported their studies reveal that archeologists took the coins for a kind of charm or an ornament instead of what they truly were. The coins are round or oval shape and are adorned with two faces, one with an inscription and one with an image just like the coins of today.
The coins not only have an inscribed face bearing the name of Egypt, but a date and value. They are also different sizes and made of different materials including ivory, precious stone, copper, silver and gold. An Egyptian coin of that time was called a deben and was worth one-fourth a gram of gold.
Joseph’s Name and Pharaoh’s Dream
One of the uncovered coins has the image of a cow, which the report claims symbolizes Pharaoh’s dream about the seven fat cows and seven lean cows.
Written in hieroglyphs, Joseph’s name appears twice on this coin – once as his original name, Joseph, and once as his Egyptian name, Saba Sabani. The name Saba Sabani was given to him by Pharaoh when he became treasurer. According to the report, there is also an image of Joseph, who was part of the Egyptian administration at the time.
The research team compared the writing on the coins to the earliest known hieroglyphic texts, since the inscriptions from this period were usually simple and writing was still in its early stages.
According to Jewish sources, Joseph died around 1450 B.C.