The Sumerians Were Some of the First Inventors

Sumer was the birthplace of the first known civilization in the Mideast. It formed around the region where the Tigris and Euphrates rivers flow.

The Sumerians of Mesopotamia are famous because of their early inventions such as writing, the wheel, calendar system, warfare tactics, and step pyramids. The ancient Sumerians Mesopotamian origins, their Kingdom, their inventions, their oral and written traditions, and their rulers highlight the primeval roots of human civilization.

Sumer was the birthplace of the first known civilization in the world. It formed around the region where the Tigris and Euphrates rivers flow in relatively parallel courses toward the Persian Gulf. It was later absorbed by the Babylonian civilization. The region is also part of what is known as the Fertile Crescent, so named because the people who lived in this crescent-shaped area developed rich, irrigated farmlands.

Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia can be found between the Tigris and the Euphrates rivers. The name originated from the Greek for “between the rivers.” The first people to settle in Mesopotamia were the Sumerians who arrived there around 5,000 BCE. Their civilization consisted of a few city-states or cities that were also independent countries. Every city-state had fine public buildings, a water supply, and drainage. It had a royal palace for its ruler and a ziggurat or step tower, on top of which was a temple dedicated to the god that the city worshiped. Around a few public buildings were the peoples houses. Beyond them lay the farmers fields. Farther away from the cities and villages were the marshlands for which southern Mesopotamia was noted.

Sumerian Kingdom

Sumer was the birthplace of the first known civilization in the world. It formed around the region where the Tigris and Euphrates rivers flow in relatively parallel courses toward the Persian Gulf. It was later absorbed by the Babylonian civilization. The region is also part of what is known as the Fertile Crescent, so named because the people who lived in this crescent-shaped area developed rich, irrigated farmlands.

Sumerian Inventions

The Sumerians are credited with the invention of written language around 3,500 BCE. They wrote on clay tablets. These clay tablets survived in the thousands, containing histories about the creation of humanity, the giant warriors from the sky, the great flood, the gigantic tower of Babel, and the origin of different languages. Thus, these clay tablets confirmed the histories found in the Book of Genesis because they mentioned similar invents and places found only in the Holy Bible. These clay tables revealed that public services were highly developed. Their royal graves have also been discovered containing treasures that show the Sumerians wealth and their craftsmens skill. Many Sumerian traditions have been passed on to people living today.

The Sumerians are credited with inventing the wheel. Their first wheel was probably their potters wheel, employed to make round vessels. Carts with wheels were probably in use around 4,000 BCE. The Sumerians developed the first war chariots. Their warriors from the North used war chariots to conquer other people. The Sumerians used the wheel to lift and pull heavy loads.

The Sumerians are credited with other inventions such as the seven day week, the 30 day month, the 12 month calendar, and the 360 day year. They developed a system of counting that was based on the number 60. A few historians and archaeologists believed they developed PI and mathematical system similar to Pythagorean Theorem. Other Sumerian inventions were generally associated with agricultural renovations and farming.

The Sumerian Flood Account

As stated earlier, their ancient poem the Gilgamesh Epic retells the history of the great flood, which is very similar to the biblical account. According to the Sumerian version, the great flood was sent to punish men who had made the gods angry. They warned one good man, Ut-napishtim, to build a boat. The flood destroyed everything on Earth except the boat. Ut-napishtim sent out birds to find land. Finally, one bird did not return and Ut-napishtim and his family were saved.

Sumerian Rulers

The rulers of one of the city-state called Ur extended their lands to form an empire, which included Babylon. The Babylonian language was spoken throughout the land of Ur. Sargon of Akkad created the Sumerian Empire in 2400 BCE. From his city-state of Akkad he conquered other Sumerian communities. His Empire reached as far north as Syria. His empire was later absorbed by the Babylonian civilization.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *